The commemoration of this brutal massacre (Battle of Karbala) begins on the first day of Muharram and reaches its climax on the 10th of Muharram, the day of the battle, known as Ashurah and continues for 40 days or 69 days.
Category: Islamic Days
Dhul-Hijjah is the 12th and last month of Islamic calendar. Zul Hijjah is the sacred month in which fighting is forbidden and Eid ul Adha falls in this month. Zil hajjah literally means “Lord of the Pilgrimage/Hajj”. It is the month in which Hajj is performed on eight, ninth and tenth Dhul-Hijjah. On Tenth Dhul Hijjah Eid ul Adha prayers and sacrifice are held. Virtues of first ten days of Dhul Hijjah are stated in this verse where : “By the dawn; by the ten nights” [Surah Al-Fajr, 89:1-2]
Hadith on Virtues of Dhul Hijjah:
1. Most beloved deeds: Narrated from Ibn Abbas (R.A) that the Prophet (P.B.U.H) said: “There are no days on which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than these ten days.” They said: “Not even jihad for the sake of Allah?” He said: “Not even jihad for the sake of Allah, unless a man goes out himself for jihad taking his wealth with him and does not come back with anything.” Bukhari So try giving more charity during these 10 days, Pray more prayers in the Masjid, Increase ties of kinship, Perform more voluntary prayers at home, Read more Quran, Do more Dhikr, Ask for forgiveness more frequently.
2. Remembering Allah (Zikr): We should start these 10 days of Dhul Hijjah with sincere repentance to Allah and perform these deeds. Allah says in the Holy Quran: “Remember Allah during the well known days” (2:203) Ibn Abbas says about the Ayah in Surah Al-Baqarah, that it refers to the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah. Bukhari
3. Fasting in Zilhaj: It was narrated from Hunaydah ibn Khaalid from his wife that one of the wives of the Prophet (P.B.U.H) said: “The Prophet (P.B.U.H) used to fast on the first nine days of Dhu’l-Hijjah and the day of ‘Ashoora’, and three days each month, the first Monday of the month and two Thursdays. al-Nasaai and Abu Dawood It was reported from Abu Qutaadah (R.A) that the Prophet (P.B.U.H) was asked about fasting on the Day of Arafaah(9th Zil Hujj). He said, “It expiates for the sins of the previous year and of the coming year.” Muslim
4. Reciting Takbeer: It was narrated from Abdullah ibn Umar (R.A) that the Prophet (P.B.U.H) said: “There are no days that are greater before Allah or in which good deeds are more beloved to Him than these ten days, so recite a great deal of tahleel, takbeer and tahmeed during them.” Ahmad Takbeer: Allah akbar, Allahu akbar, laa ilaha ill-Allah, Allahu akbar, wa Lillah il-hamd (Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, there is no god but Allah; Allah is Most Great and to Allah be praise).
Tahleel: Saying Laa ilaaha ill-Allaah (There is no god but Allah)
Tahmeed: Saying al-hamdu Lillah (praise be to Allah)
It is Sunnah to recite Takbeer, Tahmeed, Tahleel and Tasbeeh during the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, saying these words out loud in the mosques, homes, streets and every place in which it is permissible to remember Alaah, to perform this act of worship openly and proclaim the greatness of Allah. Men should recite out loud and women should recite quietly.
5. Do not cut or trim your Hairs or nails: After sighting the moon of ZulHajjah, do not cut or trim your hair and nails until you have offered the sacrifice. The Prophet (PBUH) said: “When any one of you intending to sacrifice the animal enters in the month (of Dhu’l-Hijja) he should not get his hair or nails touched (cut)” .Muslim Few Days are left in Zul Hijjah, So any one who has to get a hair cut or wants to trim nails get it done now before the first Zul Hijjah.
Let us make the most of these great days by reciting Takbeer and doing righteous deeds as deeds done in these days are most beloved.
Dhul Qa’dah is the 11th month on the Islamic calender. Dhul Qa’dah is one of the four sacred months in Islam which warfare is prohibited.
Hence the meaning “Master of Truce” the literal meaning of Dhul Qa’dah is to rest. The Arabs use to stop fighting when this month set in and they stayed at home.
No rules pertaining to this month, however among the many scared things of this month is those persons performing Hajj and are in the Sacred Cities of Makkah Mukkaramah and Madinah tal Munawwara and are required to follow the Rules of Hajj.
Events that took place during the month of Dhul-Qa’dah:
1) The battle of Khandaq (trench) or Ahzaab took place in 5 A.H.
2) Truce (Treaty) of Hudaibiyah in 6 A.H
3) 6 A.H, Bay’at ur Ridhwaan (The oath of allegiance taken under the tree taken to avenge the death of Uthmaan [radiyallahu anhu])
4) The return to Makkah for the performance of Umrah by the Nabi [Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam] and his Sahaabah [radiyallahu anhum]) in 7 A.H.
The Nabi (SAW) also encourages all Muslims to fast the three white days within this month. the 13, 14 and 15 of Dhul Qa’dah.
Ibn ‘Abbas said, “The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) did not fail to fast the white days either when at home or on a journey.” [an-Nasa'i]
Shawwal is the 10th month of the lunar Islamic calender. Shawwal means to lift or to carry. The first day of Shawwal is Eid-ul-Fitr. Many Muslims observe the fasting for the six days of Shawwal meaning the first day after Eid-ul-Fitr. These six days along with Ramadan are equivelent to fasting for an entire year
An Important Benefit of Fasting in Shawwal:
An important benefits of fasting six days of Shawwaal is that is makes up for any shortfall in a person’s obligatory Ramadaan fasts, because no one is free of shortcomings or sins that have a negative effect on his fasting.
On the Day of Resurrection, some of his naafil deeds will be taken to make up the shortcomings in his obligatory deeds, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“The first thing for which people will be brought to account on the Day of Resurrection will be their salaah (prayer). Our Lord, may He be glorified and exalted, will say to His angels – although He knows best – ‘Look at the salaah of My slave, whether it is complete or incomplete.’ If it is perfect, it will be recorded as perfect, and if something is lacking, He will say, ‘Look and see whether My slave did any voluntary (naafil) prayers.’ If he did some voluntary prayers, [Allaah] will say, Complete the obligatory actions of My slave from his voluntary actions.’ Then all his actions will be dealt with in a similar manner.” (Narrated by Abu Dawood).
Layla-Tul Qadr also known as Shab-e-Qadr is referred to as The Night of Destiny, The Night of Power, The Night of Value, The Night of Decree or Night of Measures. It is very important in the month of Ramadan it is the anniversary of the night Muslims believe the first verses of the Quran were revealed to Nabi (SAW). It is the crowning glory of the month of the Holy Month of Ramadan
Layla-Tul Qadr is found in the last ten days of Ramadan. The Quran describes this night.
“We have indeed revealed this (message) in the Night of Power: And what will explain to you what the Night of Power is? The Night of Power is better than a thousand months. Therein come down the Angels and the Spirit (Jibraeel) by Allah’s permission, on every errand: Peace! This until the rise of Morn!” (Surah 97)
Layla-Tul Qadr is believed to be the night when the Quran was first revealed. All Muslims believe that revelation of the Quran occurred in two phases, with the first phase being the revelation in its entirety on Layla-Tul Qadr to the angel Jibril in the lowest heaven, and then the subsequent verse-by-verse revelation to Prophet Muhammed (SAW). The revelation started in 610 CE at the Hira cave on Mount Nur in Mecca. The first Surah that was revealed was Surah Al-Alaq which is also commonly referred to as Surah Iqra. Muslims should worship as much as they can on this night. This night is also believed to be the night when God decides the destiny of everyone.
The Night of Power is the night of spiritual bliss. Our Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) is reported to have said concerning Ramadan
“Verily this month has come to you; and therein is a night which is better than a thousand Months. Whosoever is deprived of it, is deprived of all good; and none is deprived of its good except a totally unfortunate person”. (Ibn Majah)
“Whosoever stands up (in prayer) at the Night of Power out of faith and hopeful of reward, all his past sins will be forgiven.”(Targhib)
Better than a thousand months
A thousand months are equivalent to 83 years and 4 months. Fortunate is the person who spends this night in prayer. The man or woman, who prays for the whole night during this Night, will deserve blessings and reward for the period as if he or she had been praying for eighty three years and four months consecutively. Since the Night of Power is better than one thousand months no one can actually measure the extent as to how much better it is.
The Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: “Laylatul Qadr has been bestowed by Allah to my Ummah (People). It was not given to any people before this.”
Which Night is it?
Although there are different reports in different traditions regarding the exact night, it is almost unanimous that the blessed night occurs in one of the last ten nights of Ramadan and more probably in one of the last ten odd nights i.e. 2lst, 23rd, 25th 27th or 29th night.
The popular opinion is, however, in favour of the 27th Night of Ramadan but that is not absolutely certain. The traditions indicate that it is to be sought in one of the last ten nights and preferably in the last three odd nights. It was therefore the practice of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) and his companions to make I’tikaaf in the Mosque for the whole time offering Divine service during the last ten days of Ramadan.
Aisha (Radhiallaahu Anha) reported that the Apostle of Allah said:“Search for the Blessed Night in the odd (nights) from the last ten (nights) of Ramadhaan” (Bukhari).
Aisha (Radhiallahu Anha) has narrated another saying:
“I asked: O Messenger of Allah! Tell me if I were to find a Night of Power, what should I recite therein?” Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) advised her to recite:
Al-laa-hum-ma in-na-ka ‘afoow-wan tu-hib-bul-’af wa fa-fu ‘an-ni.
O Allah! You are Forgiving, You love forgiveness, so forgive me. (Bukhari).
Special attention should therefore be given to the excessive recitation of this dua on the blessed night. Furthermore one may engage in lengthy rakaats of Tahajjud salaat, Tilaawat of the Qur’an, Dua, Zikr, etc.
The worship and the vigil of the Night of Power are a treat to the soul. The heart tends to melt into tears of heartfelt gratitude. The body is in a state of angelic ecstasy The soul strives to reach nearer to Almighty Allah.
In this holy month of Ramadan let us strive to seek the Night of Power and its bliss. May Allah reward us with His bountiful blessings. Ameen
Asalaamualaikum to my Muslim sisters and brothers in Islam. Tonight we are approaching the middle of Sha’ban. The blessed night in the blessed month of our Holy Prophet (SAW).
A month when all deeds are raised to Allah (SWT) through the door of the Prophet (SAW). On this night Allah frees all his sinful servants who were destined for Jahannam.
The Quran has called it a blessed night.
The Nabi (SAW) said in a hadith about this month ” Shaban is my month and Ramadan is the month of Allah.
Lailatul Bara’ah the 15th night of Sha’ban when all deeds shall be raised to Allah and rewarded from a hidden treasure. Allah (SWT) opens for the Ummah great rewards and blessings that shall be taking into account personally by his beloved.
“O Allah, bless us in our Sha’ban and make us reach Ramadan! And enrich us with fasting and prayers in it, and make us from those who are the pious ones to You in it.”
May Allah swt grant us a good ending in this world and in the Hereafter, place us amongst those who were righteous and pious; and make us return to You in a state of Tawheed, Emaan and Islam.